Dr. Jaber and Dr. Hua, and their former students Meihui Lu, and Xuan Zhou have published a paper, entitled “Speech Enhancement Using a Critical Point Based Wiener Filter” in the 2017 Advances in Wireless and Optical Communications (RTUWO) conference.
Abstract: This paper presents an new approach to noise reduction for voice communication over Bluetooth technology. In the literature, several authors have compared the performance of different filtering techniques, such as the well-known Spectral Subtraction (SS), and Wiener Filter (WF) using simulated data, whereas this research uses real-time data samples collected from cars subjected to a noisy environment with varying sound levels in search of an optimal solution. The cars were driven at different speeds with the windows and fan set to different configurations. The tests were analyzed both subjectively and objectively. The proposed algorithm is based on two superior voice detection and noise estimation techniques, namely Log-Energy Voice Activity Detection (VAD) and First-in First-out (FIFO), and it has shown a considerable improvement in audio quality over the VAD and FIFO only algorithms.
(application deadline: 16 January 2018)
Additional comments: “There are 2 openings remaining and one more round of interviews planned for the last week of November. The candidate(s) would need to be able to start the 2nd week of January.”
Teledyne LeCroy is looking for an intern opportunity in their office in Farmington Hills, MI. The link below will allow you to create a profile and upload your resumes for consideration.
This job is also posted through Handshake. If you have any questions please email Nancy Tubbs, Human Resources Coordinator, Teledyne LeCroy Inc.
Dr. Nabih Jaber, Director of ISWiNLab, is looking for graduate or/and undergraduate researchers assistant/associate candidates to take part in one or more of the following paid research and development (R&D) projects (volunteers are also welcome to apply):
1) ADAS/AV: Advanced Driver Assistance System/Autonomous Vehicles. Example research areas include, Object Detection/Tracking Algorithms (ODTA); Telemetry Remote Communication; Autonomous Platform Implementation; Controller Area Network (CAN); and Fault Tolerance.
2) Smart Grid: Design and Implementation of a Cross-Platform Sensor Network for Smart Grid Transmission Line Monitoring. Developing a practical, self configuring, sampling and forwarding scheme for smart grid transmission line monitoring.
3) Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) Systems: Enabling the most reliable, high speed vehicle-based technology for crash prevention safety applications.
In all three topic areas above, different R&D students will focus on different ECE related fields:
– Advanced Electronics
– Embedded Systems (software/hardware)
– Object Oriented Simulator Design
– Algorithm Design
4) Home Energy Management System (HEMS): A programmer is needed to develop an “App” for a HEMS proposal that has already been fully designed by Dr. Jaber. The student research assistant will be provided with all the high level design diagrams required to develop the final “App”.
***This is a great opportunity for engineers to explore modern and state of the art technologies. The findings of this research will most likely result in publications; a chance for students to co-author peer reviewed international papers.
Please contact Dr. Jaber at email@example.com for more information on the topics, hours/week, duration, how to apply etc.
Dr Nabih Jaber and his students Tahmina Gouhar, and Pallavi Kuntumalla have published a paper, entitled “Speech enhancement using new iterative minimum statistics approach” in the 2017 IEEE 30th CCECE conference.Abstract:In hands-free mobile communication, speech quality is often degraded due to presence of surrounding noise. This paper introduces an improved version of Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) noise estimator. Noise spectrum estimation is a crucial element used in speech recognition systems. Our proposed noise estimation method is based on a popular searching algorithm used in software engineering called Binary Search (BS), which we integrate with First-In First-Out (FIFO) MMSE noise reduction algorithm. In the literature, there is no research addressing the integration of BS algorithm with an active noise cancellation system. The noise spectral minima are computed using BS algorithm which makes it fast and efficient. The proposed algorithm is tested using real time data collected from vehicles running at different speeds. Simulation results are provided, and it is shown that the proposed algorithm outperforms other MMSE algorithms.
Dr Jinjun Xia and student Ashley Julin have published a paper entitled “Polarization enhanced laser speckle contrast imaging for vascular dynamic study” in the SPIE Digital Library as part of the proceedings of the Dynamics and Fluctuations in Biomedical Photonics XIV conference. SPIE is the international society for the study of optics and photonics. The paper has Digital Object Identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2249928.
LTU IEEE Branch Advisors, Dr. Jaber and Dr. Chase, are looking for volunteers with the necessary leadership and organizational skills to impact the future success of the organization. The list of available volunteer leadership opportunities within LTU IEEE Branch is as follows:
1 – IEEE Student Branch Chair
2 – IEEE Student Branch President
3 – IEEE Student Branch Vice-President
If selected, the successful candidate will benefit as follows (this list is not exhaustive):
1 – Opportunities for Technical/Educational Networking: e.g. Meet people in my field of practice, other areas of practice, experts in various engineering fields, Make local, national & international contacts, and actively participate in meeting tutorials, presentations, seminars and conferences
2 – Opportunities for commercial networking
3 – Opportunities for career/employment networking: e.g. Exposure to employees & managers, meet potential new employers, interface with possible new co-workers
4 – Professional development opportunities: e.g. Learn, develop and practice: Leadership, management, personal communication, public speaking, and meeting/event planning skills
5 – Leadership skills growth: e.g. Interpersonal communications, conflict management, problem solving, and decision making
6 – Management skills growth: e.g. Successfully conduct meetings
7 – Sense of accomplishments: e.g. “Feeling” of having a meaningful voice in the IEEE and event planning
8 – Exposure to state-of-the-art technology
Please send your resumes to both Dr. Jaber at njaberatltu.edu and Dr. Chase at rchaseatltu.edu
Dr. Jaber, a Professor at the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department and Director of ISWiNLab, is looking for a very skilled programmer to develop an “App” for a home energy management system (HEMS) proposal that has already been fully designed by Dr. Jaber. The student research assistant will have all the high level design diagrams required to develop the final App. The project abstract/description is as follows.
Abstract — Consumer domain energy management systems or home energy management system (HEMS) is largely neglected in existing practical smart grid EMS studies. One of ISWiNLab’s projects proposes a practical HEMS that supports various existing and emerging actors. Some of the proposed features include the support of automatic and manual scheduling and control of the devices, continuous monitoring and efficient notification. The goal of the design is to achieve optimized performance under dynamic situations. For better understanding and implementation of the concepts behind Dr. Jbaer’s proposed design, detailed Use Case diagrams of the various actors and their functionalities will be provided to the successful candidate. A substantial amount of peak shaving/shifting is observed using the proposed application when tested in a simulator.
Please contact Dr. Jaber at njaberatltudotedu if you have any questions about the position and/or to submit your resume. Please, only qualified candidates should apply.
Dr. Nabih Jaber has coauthored a paper entitled “A quantitative real time data analysis in vehicular speech environment with varying SNR” in the 2016 IEEE 18th International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (MMSP). The abstract is as follows:
The purpose of this paper is to compare the performance of two common filters operating on noisy speech recorded in automobiles travelling at various speeds. The filters are based on Spectral Subtraction (SS) and Kalman Filtering (KF). The literature contains studies based on simulated data whereas this paper uses real time data collected in car’s in search of an optimal solution. The comparisons were based on real recorded samples containing noisy speech signals with durations of approximately 2 minutes each. Different cases of noise levels which represent the most common situations experienced by drivers were created. The different settings used include varying car speeds (e.g., 40 mph, 70 mph), varying fan power, and window positions settings. The study was carried out using three different car models. The measured noisy voice signals were filtered using the different filtering techniques and the resulting filtered signals were compared in the time domain and the frequency domain, both quantitatively and psychometrically. Furthermore, the quantitative analysis approach was applied to the results for more accurate interpretation. Results show that SS outperforms KF in noise reduction, and with much less speech distortion at the different Signal to Noise Ratios (SNRs) tested. The audio test results subjected to human listening are comparable with the simulation results. Overall, SS showed superior performance over KF in vehicular hands-free speech applications.
For more information, see http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7813375/
The Holcombe Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering at Clemson University is seeking applicants for a summer Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program. This NSF funded program is entitled: “REU Site: Solid-State Devices for Electronics, Photonics, and Magnetics Technology“. The REU supports up to 10 summer students, with one to four semesters remaining in their undergraduate programs, to become involved with a faculty member and graduate students for a 10 week research experience at Clemson. The program is open to undergraduate students in Electrical and Computer Engineering, Materials Science, Bioengineering, and Physics. Closely related disciplines may also be considered. The program provides summer housing on campus for the students and pays a generous stipend.
With a $50,000 grant, DENSO North America Foundation is underwriting a research effort that gives LTU undergraduates in mechanical engineering, electrical/computer engineering and civil engineering an interdisciplinary opportunity to develop mobile, wireless sensor networks (MWSN) to help keep drivers safer.
“An MWSN combines vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure connectivity to give drivers 360-awareness of their surroundings,” said Kun Hua, professor of electrical/computer engineering. Along with James Mynderse, who teaches in the department of mechanical engineering, and Nishantha Bandara, who teaches in the department of civil engineering, he is coordinating three different research programs that include nearly 100 students. A number of courses and labs in all three departments will provide students with the knowledge needed to conduct the research.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 5.7 million traffic accidents occurred in 2013 resulting in more than 32,700 fatalities. Intelligent traffic systems, like the ones the students are developing, will improve safety. In addition, information about road conditions and traffic congestion that will be transmitted to drivers also could improve traffic flow and reduce fuel waste.
The grant will give the students hands-on development experience, help build an inter-disciplinary lab and purchase the equipment and supplies necessary for the projects.
Currently in development, the sensor networks are expected to be installed on test vehicles in the summer of 2016.
“Our students are not only learning valuable, marketable skills, but they have the satisfaction of knowing that what they’re creating may actually save lives in the future,” added Hua.
The ECE Department received email from the company rep, as follows:
We are interviewing next week and making immediate offers. Please share this with any seniors who may still be looking for a career opportunity.
To be considered for this opportunity you must apply online at www.ussteel.com, search keyword 7149. This position is in Ecorse, MI – relocation assistance provided.
U. S. Steel is on an exciting transformational journey to become the iconic corporation — a company set apart from the competition through the talent of our people, the quality of our product, and the strength of our performance. We are seeking talented, motivated people to help us create the next generation of U. S. Steel, known for consistently out-performing the competition, delivering superior returns, and creating value for our customers as a world-class supplier of innovative steel products and solutions.
Engineering is a core component of our business and key to our success as one of the world’s largest steel producers. U. S. Steel manufactures a wide range of value-added steel sheet and tubular products for the automotive, appliance, container, industrial machinery, construction, and oil and gas industries. Our Facilities operate 24/7, 365 days a year. Position requires rotating work schedules, weekends and/or holidays.
Management Associate is an entry-level role designed to provide wide ranging, value-added exposure to prepare the college graduate for future advancements and supervisory responsibilities within the Plant. Management Associates are provided 12-24 months of training across multiple functional areas with work assignments designed to assist with personal and skill-set development. This role includes a rotational assignment within the plant.
Your responsibilities would be to successfully learn to:
– Apply engineering and/or business principles and problem solving techniques in a manufacturing environment to ensure maximum operating efficiency while handling the pressure of managing a production crew in a heavily unionized environment.
– Supervise, direct, and coordinate the efforts of experienced technicians to keep the production operations running at maximum efficiency with minimum interruption; consult with other production and maintenance managers, plant engineers, staff professionals, and outside equipment manufacturers; and select, train, and supervise employees.
– Make design modifications to existing equipment to reduce maintenance improve reliability and improve product quality. Performing equipment failure analysis and making appropriate recommendations.
– Review proposed equipment replacement or upgrades, including capital projects with multi-million dollar budgets.
– Work with consultants and equipment vendors to ensure process requirements and applicable standards and codes are met.
– Engage in maintenance planning functions to minimize downtime; investigate process improvements and participate in facilities upgrades.
Basic Required Skills:
• Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering, or Engineering Discipline.
• Graduated within the last three years from an accredited college or university at the time of hire
• Must have less than three years of professional work experience
• Excellent verbal and written communication skills
• Computer skills with Microsoft Office products
• Strong organization, communication, and problem solving skills
• Candidate must have the ability to work rotating shifts, weekends, and holidays as needed.
Director-Workforce Strategy, Staffing and HR Compliance
United States Steel Corporation
600 Grant Street, Suite 1644
Pittsburgh, PA 15219
Click here for information: Job_Description_Analog_Bits
Check out the Hacker Fellows program!
On Sunday, March 22nd 2015, The College of Management was proud to host ISACA’s 2nd Annual Cybersecurity Scholarship Case Competition. This year’s second place winner is a Computer Engineering undergraduate student, graduating in 2015.
Suvro Sudip, LTU computer engineering senior, won second place and $2500. He is invited to attend the April 22 ISACA dinner meeting where the winners will be formally recognized with certificates.
Dr Nabih Jaber has had a paper accepted by the International Journal of Vehicular Communications, published by Elsevier. The abstract of the paper, entitled “Passive Cooperative Collision Warning (PCCW) MAC designs for reliable vehicular safety messaging”, is as follows:
This paper presents – Passive Cooperative Collision Warning (PCCW), and enhanced-PCCW (EPCCW) protocol designs for safety message reception reliability improvement in Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC). PCCW and EPCCW employ a cooperative warning scheme for reduction of collisions, without increasing packet traffic. EPCCW utilizes the physical layer (PHY) properties to create sub-slots for the purpose of further increasing reliability by both avoiding and minimizing probability of collision at slots that would nominally fail. Full analytical derivation of the relative reliability and delay performances for both PCCW and EPCCW protocols is provided. An accurate and complete simulation model is used, which combines an accurate DSRC PHY, MAC and federated mobility model designed using the Simulation of Urban MObility (SUMO) model. Analytical and simulation results agree and show that PCCW and EPCCW protocols significantly improve reliability performance relative to the leading safety messaging protocols. Under high collision scenarios and at optimal number of repetitions, an improvement of up to 40% in reliability is observed, and up to 80% of improvement is achieved at higher load. Improvement in average timeslots delay is also observed that is well within acceptable delay threshold. Thorough simulation results of the proposed protocols are presented under varying message range, coding rates, modulation schemes, channel models, vehicular densities, safety message lifetimes, and transmission frequencies.
The paper can be downloaded at http://www.sciencedirect.com/
The LTU ECE Department remembers with gratitude the life and career of Dr Harry Robert Farrah, Professor Emeritus of Electrical and Computer Engineering, who passed away on Wednesday, January 14th, 2015.
Dr Farrah earned the BSEE degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the MSEE, MBA, and PhD degrees from Wayne State University. Before joining LTU, he worked as Project Manager at Bendix Corporation in Southfield. He served as Chair of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department from 1990 to 2001.
“Bob Farrah welcomed me warmly to the LTU Family and was always ready to help in any way possible,” said Dr Phil Olivier, ECE Chair. “His contributions to the electrical and computer engineering programs cannot be overstated.” Prof Ben Sweet observed that “Dr Farrah may have been the only ECE Chair to have hired two generations from the same family. My father also served as an adjunct under his leadership.” Dr Kun Hua, Assistant Professor, recalled Farrah as a joyful mentor: “So many moments with him I cannot forget … he was the first person I talked with from Lawrence Tech … full of encouragement and suggestions.” These sentiments, echoed throughout the ECE Department, were summed up by Prof Riyadh Kenaya: “He was a great friend, mentor, and a man of principle.”
Dr Farrah will be profoundly missed. He is survived by his wife Deanna, three children, and grandchildren.
Learn the fundamentals of software defined radio (SDR) on state-of-the-art equipment. Click here for details, and contact Dr Kun Hua (firstname.lastname@example.org) for more information.
Lawrence Technological University incorporates the Society of Automotive Engineer’s Formula HybridTM competition into its engineering curriculum as a year-long project each year. This year’s competition is April 28 – May 1, 2014 at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway. The competition provides students a unique and wonderful opportunity to combine the University’s signature blend of theory and practice with the challenge of a real-world problem: creating a high-performance racing vehicle that is also fuel-efficient. The students design, build, test, and race a Formula hybrid vehicle in competition with other student engineering teams from around the world.
ECE undergraduate students Don Henderson and Peiyue Xu are critical components of this year’s project. Team Leader Adam Tallman and Electrical Lead Eric Onan have worked far beyond the normal hours with team members Jim Cass, Jake Ball, Jonathon Vitale, Mohamed Albira, Matt Moyer, Kingman Yee, and Nick Tallman to bring the vehicle to a level that will seriously challenge the pack for first place.
Featuring 17MJ expanded battery capacity, 35Kw electric motor, 250cc gas power plant and sophisticated dual mBed processor controllers, adding LCD touch screen energy and performance monitors, WiFi wireless telemetry and new CV transmission, this year’s team feels confident.
The display expert from China has been hard at work on the LCD display for the vehicle. The team finally has it up and running with communication to the controller, months before the competition!
Finished PCB’s after power trace buildup:
Here are some more pics, showing various stages of build:
Dr Lisa Anneberg presented a paper at the 2014 American Society For Engineering Education North Central Section Conference, held on April 4 and 5. The ASEE NCS was hosted by Oakland University’s School of Engineering and Computer Science in Rochester, MI. The paper, entitled “Sustainable Global Engineering Education Program with the USA and China,” details a ten-year collaboration between LTU and SUES (Shanghai University of Engineering Science). Anneberg’s coauthor is Suyun Luo, Assistant Dean of the Automotive College at Shanghai University of Engineering Science, in Songjiang, Shanghai, China.
Dr Nabih Jaber has had a paper accepted for publication in the IEEE NTMS’2014 – the Sixth IFIP International Conference on New Technologies, Mobility and Security. The conference will be held from March 30th to April 2nd at Zayed University, Dubai, UAE. The abstract of the paper entitled “Efficient Home Energy Management System” is as follows:
Consumer domain energy management systems or home energy management system (HEMS) is largely neglected in existing practical smart grid EMS studies. This paper presents a practical HEMS that supports various existing and emerging actors. Some of the proposed features include the support of automatic and manual scheduling and control of the devices, continuous monitoring and efficient notification. The goal of the design is to achieve optimized performance under dynamic situations. For better understanding and implementation of the concepts behind our proposed design, detailed Use Case diagrams of the various actors and their functionalities are presented. A substantial amount of peak shaving/shifting is observed using the proposed application.
Dr. Kun Hua is serving as the chair of Mobile Multimedia Networks Workshop, in conjunction with the 14th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT 2014), which will be held in Xi’an, China, Sep 11-13, 2014. Dr. Nabih Jaber is serving as a Program Committee Member.
Call for Papers
IEEE CIT 2014 Workshop on Mobile Multimedia Networks
We have witnessed the rapid development of wireless sensor networks over the past decade, with advancements in network communication protocols, system design, signal processing, controls and other aspects. Especially, there has been increasing interest on Mobile Multimedia Networks (MMN) in recent years. Such mobile multimedia networks are extremely valuable in situations where traditional deployment mechanisms fail or just not suitable, and where sensors cannot be manually deployed or air-dropped. Such areas include underwater or airborne sensor networks, robotic sensing, structural health monitoring, advanced health care delivery, video surveillance, traffic enforcement and control systems, etc. Many challenging and interesting topics will be involved in research of mobile multimedia networks, (e.g., energy-efficient multimedia source coding, MIMO techniques for multimedia delivery, cross-layer optimization, secure multimedia streaming, network localization, coverage and deployment, and cooperative transmission for multimedia delivery, etc.).
The MMN 2014 workshop aims to provide researchers who share similar research interests to meet and address various aspects of analysis, design, optimization, implementation, and application of mobile multimedia networks. In this workshop, we solicit research papers with respect to all aspects of mobile multimedia networks. Particularly, we are interested in the research submissions focusing on the following aspects, but not limited to:
(1) Capacity modeling, performance analysis, and theoretical analysis
(2) Experimental and test bed studies, simulation tools
(3) Joint multimedia processing and communication solutions
(4) Real-time and reliable multimedia streaming
(5) Mobile multimedia network architectures, deployments, and heterogeneous applications
(6) Semantic annotation for mobile multimedia streams processing and management
(7) Energy-efficient mobile multimedia networks
(8) Cross-layer optimization for effective communications
(9) Context/content aware approaches for facilitating multimedia streaming
(10) Secure multimedia streaming transmission and QoS
(11) Cooperative transmission for multimedia delivery and collaborative in-network processing
(12) Energy-efficient multimedia source coding
(13) Topology control and synchronization protocols
(14) Distributed source coding and multimedia encoding techniques
(15) Network localization, coverage and deployment techniques
(16) MIMO techniques for multimedia delivery
Submissions and Publishing
Papers submitted to MMN2014 should be written in English conforming to the IEEE Conference Proceedings Format(8.5″ x 11″, Two-Column). The length of the papers should not exceed 6 pages + 2 pages for over length charges. The paper should be submitted in PDF format through the EasyChair paper submission system at the workshop website (EasyChair submission link: https://www.easychair.org/conferences/?conf=citmmn2014).
Accepted and presented papers will be included into the IEEE Conference Proceedings published by IEEE CS Press (indexed by EI). Distinguished papers accepted and presented in MMN 2014, after further extensions, will be published in special issues of several SCI/SCIE Indexed Journals.
Submission Deadline: April 10st, 2014
Author Notification: May 20th, 2014
Camera Ready: June 20th, 2014
Registration Deadline: June 20th, 2014
Kun Hua, Lawrence Technological University, USA
Tao Ma, Xidian University, China
TPC member list:
Qiang Duan, Pennsylvania State University, USA
Jiancun Fan, Xi’an Jiaotong University, China
Jun Huang, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China
Nabih Jaber, Lawrence Technological University, USA
Yanqing, Ji, Gonzaga University, USA
Tigang Jiang, University of Electronic, Science and Technology of China
Honggang Wang, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, USA
Wei Wang, South Dakota State University, USA
Yin Wang, Lawrence Technological University, USA
Jianjun Yang, University of North Georgia, USA
Liang Zhou, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China
Ruonan Zhang, Northwestern Polytechnical University, China
Scholarships have been awarded to seven students at Lawrence Technological University and five at Monroe County Community College (MCCC) under a scholarship program funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to address the need for more engineers for the power industry.
The five MCCC scholarship recipients are expected to enroll at Lawrence Tech within the next year.
As a result, the full five-year grant of $598,000 for the Scholarship in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (S-STEM) program has been approved based on the results during the first year under the leadership of Assistant Professor Kun Hua of the Department of Electric and Computer Engineering.
Thanks to the NSF grant, Lawrence Tech is offering $10,000 scholarships for two years to community college graduates to complete a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering with a power engineering concentration. Community college students working on their associate degree in this area also qualify.
Responding to an impending national shortage of power engineers needed for the nation’s electricity production plants and distribution system, last year NSF awarded LTU the five-year grant to provide scholarship assistance to students in this field.
Power engineers develop, maintain, and modernize “the Grid,” the vast network of transformers, generators, motors and electronics that supply electrical power.
LTU’s S-STEM scholarship recipients gain additional knowledge about the power industry from outside speakers, field trips and participation in professional organizations. Internships and job placement are also part of the scholarship program.
“LTU is leveraging its network of local and regional partnerships to aid in the recruitment, retention, and job placement of the S-STEM scholars,” said Hua, the S-STEM advisor.
One of those partners is DTE Energy, which has a specific need to hire more nuclear engineers for its Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station near Monroe. DTE Energy worked with Monroe County Community College in developing the associate degree in nuclear engineering technology, and graduates of that program are eligible for the scholarship program to continue their studies at LTU.
Article by Dr Kun Hua
The Wireless Communication Lab is now available for undergraduate senior projects and graduate class projects involving Software Defined Radio.
I am using seed grant funding to develop an adaptive and robust software radio communication system with my undergraduate and graduate students. The aim is to generate an automotive embedded system to scan commercial radio stations and automatically select a station that is currently playing music, sports, a talk show, weather information, etc. This would allow users to skip commercials and listen to preferred content continuously without having to manually scan for stations. The system is designed to perform real time analysis of an audio stream through pattern recognition, data mining, nonlinear optimization, signal processing, and embedded techniques. Features and more advanced adaptation algorithms can be implemented at a later stage. In the future, with just one click, you will be able to listen to all live local games — Red Wings, Lions, Pistons, Wolverines, Spartans — whether you are driving along the coast of California or skiing in rural Colorado.